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How to Shrink Hemorrhoids Naturally


Updated June 20, 2014

Written or reviewed by a board-certified physician. See About.com's Medical Review Board.

Prevention of Hemorrhoids

The three basics that may reduce hemorrhoids symptoms are:

  • Adequate water intake (a minimum of six glasses a day)
  • Adequate fiber in the diet
  • Exercise

What Causes Hemorrhoids?

  • Constipation. One of the top causes of hemorrhoids is constipation. Straining puts greater pressure on these veins.
  • Pregnancy. Hemorrhoids are a common problem caused by hormonal changes and increased pressure by the growing fetus, which forces the veins to work harder to pump blood.
  • Chronic venous insufficiency. Hemorrhoids can be a sign of general weakness in the veins. Contributing factors are standing or sitting for long periods, being overweight, not exercising enough, and smoking.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease may be the underlying cause of hemorrhoids.
  • Portal hypertension. Increased pressure within the portal vein blood from the intestines to the liver. A condition called liver cirrhosis is the most common cause.
  • Aging. Starting in the thirties, there is a progressive weakening of the support structures in the area.

    Getting Diagnosed

    A thorough evaluation and proper diagnosis by the doctor is important any time bleeding from the rectum or blood in the stool occurs. Bleeding may also be a symptom of other digestive diseases, including colorectal cancer.


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