1. Health
You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.

Yoga for Anxiety

By

Updated May 01, 2012

Written or reviewed by a board-certified physician. See About.com's Medical Review Board.

Although few studies have tested the effects of yoga for anxiety, the existing research suggests that yoga may be of some benefit in the management of anxiety disorders. A mind-body practice that combines physical poses with deep breathing and meditation, yoga is thought to help lessen anxiety by promoting relaxation. By using yoga for anxiety, patients may be able to reduce a number of symptoms of anxiety (including excessive worrying, irritability, nervousness, and poor concentration).

Benefits of Yoga for Anxiety

To date, research on the benefits of yoga for anxiety has been inconclusive. For instance, in a 2005 review of eight studies on the use of yoga for anxiety, researchers found "encouraging results." However, the review's authors concluded that "it is not possible to say that yoga is effective in treating anxiety or anxiety disorders in general," largely due to the poor quality of the reviewed studies.

Since the publication of the 2005 review, several small studies on yoga for anxiety have yielded positive findings. In a 2007 trial involving 131 subjects with mild to moderate levels of stress, researchers found that 10 weekly one-hour yoga sessions reduced anxiety (in addition to taming stress and improving mental health).

In a 2009 study of 65 women with symptoms of depression and anxiety, scientists discovered that attending a twice-weekly 90-minute yoga class for two months led to a significant decrease in anxiety. And in another 2009 trial involving 98 breast cancer patients, those who took part in daily one-hour yoga sessions prior to receiving surgery had lower levels of anxiety (compared to patients assigned to a control group).

Should You Use Yoga for Anxiety?

Due to the lack of research, it's too soon to recommend the use of yoga for anxiety or anxiety disorders. Moreover, you should not attempt to self-treat anxiety disorders with yoga (or any other type of alternative therapy).

If you're considering the use of yoga for anxiety, talk to your doctor about how to incorporate yoga into your treatment program.

Sources:

Javnbakht M, Hejazi Kenari R, Ghasemi M. "Effects of yoga on depression and anxiety of women." Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2009 15(2):102-4.

Kirkwood G, Rampes H, Tuffrey V, Richardson J, Pilkington K. "Yoga for anxiety: a systematic review of the research evidence." Br J Sports Med. 2005 39(12):884-91; discussion 891.

Krisanaprakornkit T, Krisanaprakornkit W, Piyavhatkul N, Laopaiboon M. "Meditation therapy for anxiety disorders." Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 25;(1):CD004998.

Saeed SA, Antonacci DJ, Bloch RM. "Exercise, yoga, and meditation for depressive and anxiety disorders." Am Fam Physician. 2010 15;81(8):981-6.

Smith C, Hancock H, Blake-Mortimer J, Eckert K. "A randomised comparative trial of yoga and relaxation to reduce stress and anxiety." Complement Ther Med. 2007 15(2):77-83.

Rao MR, Raghuram N, Nagendra HR, Gopinath KS, Srinath BS, Diwakar RB, Patil S, Bilimagga SR, Rao N, Varambally S. "Anxiolytic effects of a yoga program in early breast cancer patients undergoing conventional treatment: a randomized controlled trial." Complement Ther Med. 2009 17(1):1-8. Epub 2008 Oct 14.

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.

We comply with the HONcode standard
for trustworthy health
information: verify here.